Epidemiology deals with identifying the source and cause of diseases and disorders in a community and forms the core of public health. Epidemiologists, scientists, statisticians, and healthcare providers work together to improve public health and safety. Epidemiology incorporates a rational and data-driven approach to scientific analysis with a systematic process to collect, analyze and interpret information. With advancements in the field, it works in collaboration with biostatistics, informatics, economics, behavioral sciences, and other scientific fields. It’s a significant part of public health, providing the base to make relevant decisions and take appropriate healthcare measures based on scientific investigation. It covers chronic and infectious diseases, violence and injury, and environmental epidemiology. TAUs certificate course in epidemiology helps you analyze conditions that impact well-being, strategize, implement necessary interventions and interpret research. With opportunities to work in varied areas like academic research, professor, climate health, clinical trial, disaster management, etc.
Epidemiology deals with identifying the source and cause of diseases and disorders in a community and forms the core of public health.
Epidemiologists, scientists, statisticians, and healthcare providers work in tandem to analyze the origin of health threats and outbreaks in the community. They are essential to safeguard and improve the well-being of people. It requires mapping the outbreak and analyzing those infected with the disease. Discerning the information from your study helps you establish the effects and spread of illness in society and take necessary measures to tackle it.
A certificate course in epidemiology exposes you to the fundamentals of health and disease. Strategize and implement necessary measures to prevent and control infection. Gain knowledge of different approaches and interventions required to control the spread of diseases, and improve the well-being of communities.
With the Covid-19 pandemic, epidemiologists worldwide put in their best efforts to control the spread. It involved:
- investigate and understand the origin and nature of the virus
- the nature of transmission
- estimate its reach
- identify communities easily affected by the disease
- develop necessary diagnostic testing and treatments
- assess the strengths and weaknesses of national and global health systems
Epidemiology incorporates a rational and data-driven approach to scientific analysis with a systematic process to collect, analyze and interpret information.
The basic approach in epidemiology involves employing various groups to observe and study the number of cases infected with the disease in a particular area during the same time frame or frequency of contact with sick people. With advancements in the field, it works in collaboration with biostatistics, informatics, economics, behavioral sciences, and other scientific fields. It’s a significant part of public health, providing the base to make relevant decisions and take appropriate healthcare measures based on scientific investigation.
Types of epidemiology:
Epidemiology explores varied issues affecting public health like chronic diseases, injuries, psychosocial stress, trauma, etc.
Infectious Disease Epidemiology:
Infectious diseases like Covid-19, HIV, tuberculosis, etc., significantly affect populations worldwide. Epidemiologists in this field are giving their best to track and control the spread of the disease by detecting the viruses, understanding their development and reach, and taking effective measures. Advancements in molecular techniques help:
- study various pathogens
- understand the transmission process
- its reach and factors that influence its survival
- prevention and treatment interventions
Chronic Disease Epidemiology:
Epidemiologists in the field study the cause, distribution, history, preventive measures, and intervention outcomes of chronic diseases like- cancer, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, gastrointestinal and pulmonary disease, and obesity.
It deals with the study of various environmental conditions like pollution, construction, stress, and nutrition that affect the health of populations. Researchers try to understand the impact of the environment on physical and mental health like psychiatric or cardiovascular conditions.
Violence and Injury Epidemiology:
It involves the study of various conditions leading to unintentional and intentional injury to people. It focuses on accidents and factors that lead to violence and associated threats. Its goal is to minimize the mortality rate due to injuries.
Public health has evolved in the last decade with attractive job opportunities for professionals in the field. BLS forecasts a 30% growth in job prospects for epidemiologists during the period 2020 – 2030.
1) Academic research epidemiologist:
It deals with research in academic institutions. Areas and roles in research vary with the institution and depend on the funds offered to the institution.
2) Applied Epidemiologist:
It deals with identifying and investigating diseases within the community. It also involves managing various illnesses within the community, drafting policies, and taking necessary interventions to prevent their spread.
3) Climate health epidemiologist:
It focuses on analyzing the effects of heat, wildfires, and various environmental conditions that affect climate change. Investigate the impact of climate change on flora, fauna, and infrastructures and support the government in influencing policies based on your study.
4) Clinical trial research:
Professionals in the field investigate the effects of:
- Medicine on people with specific conditions like – heart diseases, etc.
- clinical interventions affecting public health
- vaccines utilized to shield people from the risk of infection
It utilizes scientific techniques to establish the efficacy of healthcare delivery and treatment outcomes. You get to work in hospitals, pharmaceuticals, or research establishments.
5) Disaster epidemiologist:
An epidemiologist in the field evaluates the long-term and short-term effects on people’s health caused by disasters. It helps identify potential dangers that might happen due to future disasters. The main objective is to prevent mortality, injuries, or conditions in people caused due to natural calamities.
6) Epidemiology investigator:
It deals with examining the cause of disease occurrence and handling the threats related to the specific condition. As an investigator, you will work on the illness currently circulating within the community, gather samples and relevant information, assess the demographics of people of the particular area, identify threats and factors influencing the risk of infection, the process of transmission, and work to prevent its reach. Also, plan necessary intervention measures to minimize its scope. The job opportunities in this field are high due to the rising concerns with the circulation of infectious diseases.
7) Epidemiology management:
The role involves working in the medical field to ensure the effective delivery of healthcare services to the population of the community or society. Ensure appropriate preventive measures and provide practical solutions to handle threats and control the spread of diseases. The role requires effective leadership and communication skills as it involves collaboration with a team of healthcare service providers.
8) Epidemiology Professor:
If you are interested in academics, a Ph.D. in Epidemiology will help you get into an assistant professor or professor role in universities and institutions. You will help students gain knowledge in epidemiology research, assessment, and various skills required to excel in the field.
9) Field Epidemiologist:
Professionals in this field find solutions to pressing problems in the community. You should track the virus, work around people affected with the disease without prior planning and the necessary groundwork and act quickly to minimize mortality. It involves working in fast-paced environments and improvising strategies as required.
10) Clinical Epidemiologist:
The role involves working in hospitals, utilizing statistical and epidemiological hypotheses on collected data from patients. Identify health threats and their medical requirements to improve their welfare.
11) Infection Control:
It deals with minimizing the risk of infection or sickness within communities. It’s a specialized role that involves identifying threats and working with communities to educate and create awareness of preventive measures and well-being.
12) Molecular Epidemiologist:
It deals with identifying genetic conditions which increase the risk of infection. It integrates molecular and epidemiological techniques to handle pressing problems in communities.
13) Pharmaceutical epidemiologist:
It involves working in pharmaceuticals to identify pathogens and make strategic decisions about medicines based on collected information and statistical analysis.
It involves data collection from groups and statistical analysis of collected data to analyze potential threats concerning public health.
15) Veterinary epidemiologists:
Professionals in this field work with animal populations to identify potential risks of spreading infections by employing statistical analysis.
TAU offers the best epidemiology program. Gain knowledge in:
- Study of etiology, history, and scope of disease.
- Determine the occurrence, nature, and range of conditions in communities
- Design, investigate, interpret and summarize the results of epidemiological research
- Evaluate the effectiveness of preventative and therapeutic interventions
- Concepts in epidemiology and the nature of the application
The curriculum of the certificate course in epidemiology includes the following:
- Basics of Epidemiology
- Epidemiological study designs
- Screening and Disease Surveillance
- Newer study designs and applied epidemiology
Job prospects after the online epidemiology certificate program include medical research analysts, medical journalists, or scientific officers in the government or private sectors. With advancements in technologies, the field of epidemiology has evolved, improving the techniques and strategies to analyze and evaluate medical information.
Epidemiological studies investigate various aspects concerning infections and ways to enhance the well-being of the global population. Several factors impact the environment and systems, increasing health threats. Identifying and understanding threats and factors that stimulate its development and spectrum, nature of transmission, and health conditions facilitate taking necessary preventive measures to improve welfare.
Texila’s online certificate course in epidemiology enables you to analyze conditions that impact the well-being, strategize, implement necessary interventions and interpret research.